Variables Determinantes de la Gestión Logística en la Micro y Pequeña Empresa

Autores/as

  • Libys Martha Zúñiga-Igarza Universidad de Holguín, Cuba
  • Reyner Pérez-Campdesuñer Universidad UTE, Ecuador
  • Margarita De Miguel-Guzmán Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic, Ecuador
  • Mirian Paulina Molina-Molina Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic, Ecuador

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29019/eyn.v13i1.1039

Palabras clave:

Gestión logística, Micro y pequeñas empresas, Medianas y grandes empresas

Resumen

La presente investigación tiene como objetivo identificar las diferencias y similitudes que pueden existir entre las variables asociadas a la gestión logística de las organizaciones empresariales en función de su tamaño. Para ello, se realizó una comparación entre 992 empresas del Ecuador en la que se representaron cuatro tipos de empresas: micro, pequeña, mediana y grande, en proporción a la estructura que presenta la composición de las empresas del país. Los resultados mostraron, mediante la aplicación de una prueba de hipótesis para verificar la igualdad de medias, la existencia de diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los niveles de análisis en variables asociadas a funciones administrativas, procesos de abastecimiento, almacenamiento, producción, distribución y logística inversa. Se demostró que el grado de desarrollo de la actividad logística es muy limitado en las micro y pequeñas empresas, por lo tanto, el cuerpo de conocimientos e instrumentos metodológicos disponibles para la administración de empresas debe adaptarse con cautela al aplicarlos en el contexto de organizaciones pequeñas.

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Biografía del autor/a

Libys Martha Zúñiga-Igarza, Universidad de Holguín, Cuba

Profesora titular en la Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Holguín. Holguín, Cuba.

Reyner Pérez-Campdesuñer, Universidad UTE, Ecuador

Director de Investigación y profesor principal de la Facultad de Ciencias Administrativas. Universidad UTE. Quito, Ecuador.

Margarita De Miguel-Guzmán, Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic, Ecuador

Profesora titutar del departamento de Administración, del Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic. Santo Domingo, Ecuador.

Mirian Paulina Molina-Molina, Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic, Ecuador

Profesora titutar del departamento de Administración, del Instituto Superior Tecnológico Atlantic. Santo Domingo, Ecuador.

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Publicado

2022-06-01

Cómo citar

Zúñiga-Igarza, L. M., Pérez-Campdesuñer, R., De Miguel-Guzmán, M., & Molina-Molina, M. P. . (2022). Variables Determinantes de la Gestión Logística en la Micro y Pequeña Empresa. Economía Y Negocios, 13(1), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.29019/eyn.v13i1.1039